liver enzymes

What causes raised (elevated) liver enzymes?

liver enzymesCauses

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Many diseases and conditions can contribute to elevated liver enzymes. Your doctor determines the specific cause of your elevated liver enzymes by reviewing your medications, your signs and symptoms and, in some cases, other tests and procedures.

More common causes of elevated liver enzymes include:

  1. Certain prescription medications, including statin drugs used to control cholesterol
  2. Drinking alcohol
  3. Heart failure
  4. Hepatitis A
  5. Hepatitis B
  6. Hepatitis C
  7. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  8. Obesity
  9. Over-the-counter pain medications, particularly acetaminophen (Tylenol, others)

Other causes of elevated liver enzymes may include:

  1. Alcoholic hepatitis (severe liver inflammation caused by excessive alcohol consumption)
  2. Autoimmune hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by an autoimmune disorder)
  3. Celiac disease (small intestine damage caused by gluten)
  4. Cirrhosis (early stages of liver scarring)
  5. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
  6. Dermatomyositis (inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness and skin rash)
  7. Epstein-Barr virus
  8. Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
  9. Heart attack
  10. Hemochromatosis (too much iron stored in your body)
  11. Hypothyroidism
  12. Liver cancer
  13. Mononucleosis
  14. Pancreatitis (pancreas inflammation)
  15. Polymyositis (inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness)
  16. Toxic hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by drugs or toxins)
  17. Wilson’s disease (too much copper stored in your body)

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